Tharman Shanmugaratnam

Senior Minister and Coordinating Minister for Social Policies & Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)
Republic of Singapore

Tharman Shanmugaratnam is Senior Minister in Singapore, having previously served as Deputy Prime Minister (2011-2018), Finance Minister (2007-2015) and Education Minister (2003-2008). He is concurrently Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), Singapore’s central bank and financial regulator.

Tharman co-chairs the Global Commission on the Economics of Water, whose initial report, a ‘Call to Collective Action’, shaped discussions at the UN Water Conference in March 2023. He co-chaired the G20 High Level Independent Panel on Global Financing for Pandemic Preparedness and Response in 2021, together with Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Lawrence Summers.

Tharman also chairs the board of trustees of the Group of Thirty, an independent global council of economic and financial leaders from the public and private sectors and academia. He is in addition on the High-Level Advisory Board established by the UN Secretary-General that has made recommendations for effective multilateralism for the UN’s 2024 Summit of the Future. He also co-chairs the Advisory Board for the UN’s Human Development Report.

Tharman led the G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance, which in Oct 2018 proposed reforms for a more effective system of finance for development, sustainability, and financial stability. He earlier chaired the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) for four years; he was its first Asian chair.